The Significance of River Ganges
River Ganges is one of the longest rivers in India. It is 2704 kms long and it has been held sacred for its purity and contains incredible unique properties.
The Ganga basin has very fertile alluvial soil and the chief crops cultivated are rice, sugarcane, oil seeds, potatoes and wheat. The water of Ganga contains more than 25% of oxygen level compared to other rivers. As they travel a long way, many of the livelihood is dependent on the water of river Ganga. The Ganges originates from Gomukh which is known as the “mouth of cow”, where the researchers have been proved that the water of Ganga is capable of destroying bacteria and consists of healing properties. “Bacteriophages” is one of the main reasons for the Ganga being significant. These Bacteriophages which are viruses that have the ability to destroy the other bacteria. No bacteria can live in Ganga water more than 3 hours and it is the only river in the world to disintegrate organic waste 25 times faster than other rivers. Mosquitoes cannot be born in Ganga waters.
Researches have proved that the unique property of Ganges could be due to the melting of permafrost, which is a ground that remains frozen for many number of years. The melting of this permafrost leads to the origin of river Ganga, this melting releases the trapped bacteriophages at Gomukh. Ganges is the home for several species in which the fresh water dolphin known as the gangetic dolphin is the National Aquatic animal of India. Dolphins are the one of the oldest creatures in the world. these Gangetic dolphins were discovered in 1801. It is listed in endangered species and it is extinct from most of its early distribution ranges. The Ganges river dolphin can only live in fresh water and its essentially blind. Researches say that the evolution of blindness of the dolphins are due to the pollution of ganga waters.
They catch their prey emitting ultrasonic sound which reaches the prey. The dolphins visualizes the image in its mind and subsequently catches hold of its prey. It is a precious species of India and the reasons for the extinction are due to the mining and other development such as the construction of more than 50 dams, Oil extraction from dolphins, Water pollution caused by industrial effluents. It is our primary objective to safeguard all the species living along with us.