The greater one horned rhino is one among the rhinoceros family found in areas of Nepal, India. They are also known as ‘Indian Rhino’ and the largest of all the rhino species. Earlier the Indian rhinos ranged all over the Northern part of India, in the foothills of Himalayas. Now, they are listed as vulnerable species on the IUCN list (International Union Of Conservation Of Nature). With strict government conservation efforts, the population of the rhinos have been increasing to around 3700. The reduction of the rhino population was also due to the disappearance of alluvial soil. As the population of the rhinos increase they need additional space. Increase in human population is also being a reason.
The rhinos weigh around 1800 to 2700 kgs and they stand almost the height of a human being. The horn is around 8 to 25 inches long and weighs up to 3kgs. The lifespan of the Indian rhinos are on an average of 40yrs. They are grazers and feed on variety of plants, they are semi-aquatic animals. They also have a unique ‘armour plating’ appearance.
The unique feature of having a one horn has been their pride as well as downfall. It attracts the poachers and the rhinos are being killed for their horns and trade it in the black market making a good profit. It is also said to treat a number of illness like fever, strokes. Although there is no proper scientific proof of its medical value.
Since, the one horned rhinos are significant and lives only in India, we are accountable to preserve our natural assert from extinction as they are also a symbol of national pride. Rhinos are one of the oldest living species and it has a longest connection associated with the Earth and plays a important role in the ecosystem.